When there were kings in Afghanistan, they were sure to have a kennel of Afghan Hounds, a breed that has lived in that country for more years than we know. These dogs accompanied the royal hunting party, following the sight of their prey.
Afghan Hounds were used to hunt animals ranging from wolves, wild dogs, and snow leopards to mountain deer, antelope, and rabbits. The breed was introduced to Britain in the late 1800s.
Because their country of origin has both steep mountains and vast deserts, there is variety in the types of Afghans. Most of those that live in Western Europe, Britain, and the United States fit into one of two types: The "mountain" type tends to be darker, with a heavier coat; the "desert" type is longer and leaner, with a thinner and lighter-colored coat.
The Afghan's hunting instincts are still strong. If properly exercised with long daily walks and a good hard run as often as possible, he will be quiet and happy in the house. He is good with children when raised with them.
Excerpts from the Standard
General Appearance: An aristocrat, dignified and aloof. Carries his head proudly, gazing far off into the distance. Coat is long and silky with a long topknot.
Size, Proportion, and Substance: Height--males about 27 inches; females, about 25 inches at the withers. Weight--males, about 60 pounds; females about 50 pounds.
Afghan Hound owners must be prepared to spend lots of time grooming. Those luxurious coats require three to six hours of brushing every week. The Afghan puppy has a short coat, but by his third birthday the coat has grown to its full glory.
Excerpted from The Complete Dog Book For Kids © 1996, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.