A Guide to Nursing and Weaning Kittens
Newborn Kittens Nursing: Getty
Practically helpless, the first days of life are precarious for newborn kittens. They don’t open their eyes until they are two weeks old and are susceptible to infection and catching cold.
The first week is the only time they will absorb colostrum from their mother’s milk. Colostrum provides antibodies that are essential for a kitten’s immunity.
Clarissa Engstrom DVM says that cats are one of the few species with a unique ability to stop labor and move to another spot when they perceive danger. This is one reason you might find a newborn kitten or two, who appear to be abandoned. If your domesticated mother cat decides to pick up and move her littler to another spot, don’t be alarmed, this is instinctual for protection and not a problem.
Keep Newborn Kittens Warm
One of the most important things for a newborn kitten is staying warm. If there is no mother cat, a box with a heating pad under half the changeable bedding is a good way to go.
Place the kittens where they can feel both cozy and cooler spots so they can move themselves off of the heat if they are getting too warm. For the first week they need a temperature of approximately 85°-90°F going down to 80°-85°F the second week and then 70°-75°F the third week. Kittens begin crawling between 16-20 days old. After the first thee weeks they will start to regulate their own body temperature and be more mobile.
Bottle-Feeding Newborn Kittens
If you are bottle-feeding newborn kittens and need to make a hole in the nipple of the pet nurser, Dr. Engstrom recommends using a 20 gauge needle, heating it until red hot on the end and pierce the top of the nipple.
Then run it under hot water and clean the rubber well with a Q-tip. Many vets agree that powdered formula is a good way to go, since you can easily adjust the amount of the formula.
If your kittens are getting constipated you can use a little more of the powder and if they are having troubles with diarrhea then use more water.
Start feeding by simply squeezing a drop of the formula onto the tip of the bottle before gently introducing it into the kitten’s mouth at a 45°angle. The kitten will lay flat on it’s stomach and head tilted up just as if it where feeding from it’s mother.
Weaning Newborn Kittens
For the first two to three days of a kitten’s life they need to eat every two to three hours then for the next few days about five times a day.
When they are six days old you can cut down to four times a day.
Between two and three weeks of age, kittens eat three times a day.
You can then start to introduce wet kitten food by mixing it with formula and placing in a shallow dish. Don’t worry if they step in it or get it on their fur since they will lick it off. That’s just one of the fun things about being a kitten.